Isabella also controlled the Port of Topsham, Devon , through which much of Tiverton's woollen exports were transported, mostly to the Low Countries. In , the Chartists , a radical group seeking to change the electoral system, stood one of their leaders, George Julian Harney , against Palmerston.
History[ edit ] View from the bridge over the Exe which looks towards the historic St Peter's church.
The town's name is conjectured to derive from "Twy-ford-ton" or "Twyverton", meaning "the town on two fords", and was historically referred to as "Twyford". The town stands at the confluence of the rivers Exe and Lowman.
Human occupation in the area dates back to the Stone Agewith many flint tools found in the area. An Iron Age hill fortCranmore Castlestands at the top of Strategia dworu Exeter University Hill above the town, and a Roman fort or marching camp was discovered on the hillside below Knightshayes Court near Bolhamjust to the north of the town.
University of Cambridge
Tiverton formed part of the inheritance of Aethelweardyoungest son of King Alfred. Countess Gytha of Wessex controlled the town in and the Domesday Book indicates that William the Conqueror was its tenant-in-chief in Tiverton was also the seat of the court of the hundred of Tiverton. Isabella also controlled the Port of Topsham, Devonthrough which much of Tiverton's woollen exports were transported, mostly to the Low Countries.
Every seven years there is a Perambulation of the Town Leat : a ceremony to clear the path of the leat and ensure it is kept running.
The leat can be seen in Castle Street, where it runs down the centre of the road, and at Coggan's Well, in Fore Street. Many wealthy wool merchants added to the town's heritage.
John Greenway —for example, built a chapel and porch onto St Peter's parish church inand a small chapel and almshouses in Gold Street, which still stand — the Almshouse Trust still houses people today.
Peter Blundellanother wealthy merchant, who died in Strategia dworu Exeter University, bequeathed the funds and land for Blundell's School to educate local children. It was founded in Tiverton in and relocated to its present location on the outskirts of town inwhere it functions as an independent school. Around the turn of the 17th century, there were two major fires in the town. The first, allegedly started in a frying pan, was in and destroyed most of the town. The second, inwas known as the "dog-fight fire" — a dog fight had distracted those meant to be looking after a furnace.
The Parliamentarian forces entered Tiverton under Major General Massey on 15 October, the town's defenders fleeing before him towards Exeter. They left a defending force in the castle and church. Fairfax arrived from Cullompton on 17 October, set up his artillery and bombarded the castle for two days, ceasing fire for the sabbath in the afternoon of Saturday 18 October.
On Sunday Fairfax had "several great pieces" of artillery brought up, ready for Strategia dworu Exeter University renewed barrage on Monday, which commenced at 7 a.
The siege was ended when a lucky shot broke one of the drawbridge chains and an alert squad of Roundheads gained swift entry. Fairfax then set up his winter quarters in Tiverton due to the inclement weather, requisitioning Blundell's School as his headquarters, where he was joined in December by Oliver Cromwell.
They left to lay siege to Exeter in January However, a period of decline followed during the early Industrial Revolution. There were occasional riots, and societies of woolcombers and weavers were formed in an effort to protect jobs and wages. By the end of the century, imports of cotton and the expansion of industrialization elsewhere, along with the effect of the Napoleonic Wars on exports, took the town's woollen industry into terminal decline.
After this, the streets were widened. The industrialist John Heathcoat bought an old woollen mill on the river Exe inand after the destruction of his machinery at Loughborough by former Luddites thought to be in the pay of Nottingham lacemakers, he moved his whole lace-making operation to Tiverton. Trade was aided when a branch of the Grand Western Canal from Tiverton to Skalping System Trading AFL was opened inwith an extension to Taunton in This was followed by a branch of the Great Western Railway in As one of the " rotten boroughs " it was often targeted by those seeking electoral reform.
Lord Palmerstonor "Pam" as he was known locally, was an MP for Tiverton for much of the 19th century. Inthe Chartistsa radical group seeking to change the electoral system, stood one of their leaders, George Julian Harneyagainst Palmerston. He is widely reported as having gained no votes — but in fact he won the "popular vote" a show of hands of the people of the town and withdrew when Palmerston called a ballot, aware that he would lose in a vote by only wealthy and propertied in the town out of a population of Broadening the franchise was one of the Chartist objectives.